The Mechanical Testing Of Metals And Alloys

by P. Field Foster

Category: Mechanics

  • Type: Paperback
  • Pages: 308 pages
  • ISBN: none
  • ASIN: 9781406734799
  • Edition Language: English

THE MECHANICAL TESTING OF METALS AND ALLOYS THE THEORY AND PRACTICE OF STANDARDIZED MECHANICAL TESTING BY P. FIELD FOSTER B. SC. tOND., M. SO. WALES, A. M. LMECH., WHITWORTH EXHIBITIONER LONDON SIR ISAAC PITMAN SONS, LTD. 1936 SIR ISAAC PITMAN SONS, LTD. PITMAN HOUSE, PARKIER STREET, KINGSWAY, LONDON, W. C. THE PITMAN PRESS, BATH PITMAN HOUSE, LITTLE COLLINS STREET, MELBOURNE ASSOCIATED COMPANIES PITMAN PUBLISHING CORPORATION 2 WEST 45TH STREET, NEW YORK SIR ISAAC PITMAN SONS CANADA, LTD.

. INCORPORATING THE COMMERCIAL TEXT BOOK COMPANY PITMAN HOUSE, 381383 CHURCH STREET, TORONTO PREFACE THIS book is the outcome of a series of articles on Testing Machines and their Applications which I contributed to Machinery during the years 1931-1932. On considering requests for the publication of the articles in book form, I felt that, while a number of books on the testing of materials were in existence, there was room for one that coupled descriptions of modern testing equipment with its mode of use and which at the same time embraced in a practical way the theory underlying present-day developments in the testing of metals and their alloys.

Consequently, the original articles form but a small part of the book. Only such types of testing equipment are described as may be found in up-to-date works, testing rooms, and laboratories. Moreover, some attempt has been made to keep within the range of tests already standardized by the British Standards Institution, or which bear closely on commercial testing.

As the demand on engineering practice becomes more severe, it is reflected in the test room and its personnel. It is hoped, therefore, that the book will be helpful to those whose work brings theminto close touch with mechanical testing, and for whom, in fact, the book is mainly intended. Students of Strength of Materials should also find the book of service. I have adopted the plan of placing references at the end of the book and of indexing them, each with the number of the page to which it refers.

My acknowledgments must be made with respect to sources of information and help. Especially must I thank Professor W. R. D. Jones, D. Sc., for his assistance and criticism through out the progress of the work. I have also to thank Mr. J. G. Grodsell for allowing me to draw upon his extensive experience in matters concerning sheet metals and Professor W. N. Thomas, M. A., D. Phil. To the Editor of Machinery for permission to make use of bhe articles contributed to that Journal to the Institution of A.

utomobile Engineers and The American Society for Testing Materials for allowing me to extract from Papers published vi PREFACE in their respective Proceedings and which are included among the list of references, I have pleasure in also making acknow ledgment.

And in conclusion, I must thank Messrs. Edward G. Herbert, Ltd., Messrs. Alfred J. Amsler, Messrs. Metropolitan-Vickers, Ltd., and other firms who have so generously supplied informa tion, and blocks or photographs for illustrations. P. F. F. UNIVERSITY COLLEGE, CARDIFF. August, 1936. CONTENTS PAGE PREFACE ........ V CHAPTER I ELASTICITY ELEMENTARY THEORY .... 1 Stress Strain Youngs modulus Tension Compression Shear Torsion Flexure Position of neutral axis Slope and deflection of beams Bulk modulus of elasticity Poissons ratio Relation between elastic constants Principal stresses Planes of stress Equivalent bending and twistingmoments Mohrs circle of stress Ellipse of stress Struts Strain energy Theories of elastic failure Numerical example CHAPTER II THE STRUCTURE OF METALS .

. . . .31 View of the elastician Isotropic materials Crystalline nature of metals Space lattice Metallic solutions Eutectic Physical changes on solidification Normalizing Eifect of cooling on mechanical properties Atomic structure CHAPTER III UNIVERSAL TESTING MACHINES .......

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